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Archive for April 2013

April 29, 20135 years ago


A patient named 9-year-old Wira going into Rumah Sehat Terpadu Dompet Dhuafa on Saturday, April 27, 2013 with complaints of malnutrition diseases. Wira was the second child of four siblings. Wira condition upon admission to the hospital Rumah Sehat Terpadu Dompet Dhuafa is so alarming. His body was burned from malnutrition diseases that he have suffered long ago. He was suffering from malnutrition since the age of 2 years. According to a statement from the father Wira, causes of malnutrition disease Wira suffered is a result of the tendency to consume foods that Wira deficient intake of food and the lack of attention from his parents. Wira’s father worked as a market trader in Cengkareng, while his mother was a farm laborer. Wira’s father explained that he was resigned to the fact Wira health conditions and diseases. He had submitted that whatever will happen in the Wira to Allah SWT.

That is because parents do not have enough money to bring Wira go to the hospital. In addition, the busyness of the Wira father and mother also an obstacle to decide Wira care in hospitals because every day they have to work to fulfill their needs. If one of them in the hospital waiting Wira, consequently they were getting a little income to meet their daily living needs. As is currently the case that was 2 days Wira’s father was forced to not trade in the market for hospital waiting Wira. As a trader, Wira’s father revenue ranged between 10,000 – Rp. 30,000 / day. So is his wife. Currently Wira condition itself has begun gradually improved although just 2 days get treatment and medical services from Rumah Sehat Terpadu Dompet Dhuafa.

Therapy for the initial treatment of malnutrition diseases suffered by Wira has been handled by infusion, injection and oral therapy, and increase intake of calories and protein to gain more weight for Wira. Malnutrition is actually many diseases suffered by children in Indonesia. That is because economic circumstances of children parents who are below the poverty line. So that would be required better job / profession  for a parent of malnourished children to provide good nutrition. Because as much as any medical services provided by the medical side, if there has not been a change in economic circumstances of malnourished families then it will not be a big impact for their healing.  (tie)

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April 24, 20135 years ago


Dompet Dhuafa Republika  is community owned non-profit organization Indonesia that submissive  for the social dignity of humanity the poor with ZISWAF funds (Zakat, Infaq, Sadaqah, Endowments, as well as other funds are lawful and legal, from individuals, groups, companies / institutions). In order to celebrate the birth of RA Kartini which is celebrated annually on 21 April. Dompet Dhuafa provide free 1001 eyeglasses for Indonesia women as the first step in creating a 1 MILLION 1 GLASSES INDONESIA MOVEMENT to the people who need glasses in order to create a more productive life.

The series of 1 MILLION 1 GLASSES FOR INDONESIA MOVEMENT s for women’s implemented since the beginning of March 2013 at which point 5 Bogor, Jakarta, West Jakarta Jatipulo, Tangerang, Bekasi with a percentage of 10% of elderly beneficiaries, 60% of schools, 30% IRT. Some cases encountered in its implementation such as cataracts and eye minus variable (-1 / 2 to -13). Matahari Department Store became the main partner of this program and there are several parties cooperate namely Hoya Lens, Glasses Plus and IROPIN (Association of Indonesian Optisien Refraksionis).

Placed in Rumah Sehat Terpadu Dompet Dhuaf which is a model of healing house that provides home health care services free of charge for the poor (not able) to approach the warmth of family, punctuality, professional and touch hearts, symbolizing giving eye glasses and education that will held on Monday, April 22, 2013.

The event was attended by the Head of Bogor City Health Office (Dr. Rubaeah), Head of PHC Kab Bogor (dr.dini), the Board of Trustees Dompet Dhuafa (Parni Hadi), President Director Dompet Dhuafa (Ismail A.Said), Dr. Yahmin Setiawan MARS (Managing Director RS RST DD), Dr. Adi Mawardi MARS (Director of Health Services Free of Charge Dompet Dhuafa). Hoya Indonesia (Tafahiko Sogo), Indocare (Juny Gunawan), Head Kemang – Bogor district, village head Jampang – Bogor regency.

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April 24, 20135 years ago


World Malaria Day which falls on April 25 every year, still makes malaria as one of the major health problem in many tropical and subtropical regions. Malaria disease are common in tropical regions, the pattern of spread is caused by various factors such as environmental changes, vectors, socio-culture and drug resistance, but it is also due to the limited coverage of health services in some areas.

Malaria Health Issues

The World Malaria Report (2011) reported that half of the world’s population at risk of malaria. Transmission of malaria in Indonesia is still occurs, based on the basic health research report shows until 2011, there were 374 malaria endemic districts.

In 2011, the number of cases of malaria in Indonesia recorded as many as 256 592 people out of 1,322,451 suspected malaria cases were examined by blood. By Annual Parasite Insidence numbers  (API) 1.75 per thousand population, meaning that in every 1,000 population in endemic areas there are 2 people exposed to malaria. Very real impact on the decline in the quality of human resources that lead to a variety of social, economic and even affect the national security. Therefore malaria is one of the diseases targeted by the government to gradually eliminated and Indonesia targeted malaria-free in 2030.

To eliminate malaria, Indonesia has conducted various efforts. History records through the Komando Pembasmian Malaria (KOPEM) in the 1950s, which has successfully managed to reduce the number of malaria cases significantly especially in Java. Furthermore, since the limited funding, the program was halted in 1969 and gradually transformed into eradication efforts are integrated into the healthcare system, such as health centers, health centers (Pustu), and others.

However, efforts to control malaria failed because only rely on health sector, but malaria is a disease related to human behavior and the environment. Hence the need to involve other sectors contribute in malaria epidemiology. On this basis then WHO launched an intensification of malaria control movement with global partnership, which is known to Roll Back Malaria Initiative (RBMI) in October 1998.

RBMI Operational form in Indonesia known as the Fight Back Malaria Movement  (RBM) which was inaugurated by the Minister of Health on 8 April 2000 in Kupang, East Nusa Tenggara. So RBM is an effort to eradicate malaria in partnership with the entire community. Furthermore, Indonesia is committed to the elimination of malaria by 2030, according to the Minister of Health Decree No.293/Menkes/SK/IV/2009 dated 28 April 2009 on the Elimination of malaria in Indonesia.

In a report issued by the World Health Organization (WHO) in 2012, thanks to the cooperation among donor agencies in 2010, Indonesia has been noted that the cost of malaria prevention over U.S. $ 45 million either from the government or foreign donors fund. However, a decline in 2011, only about U.S. $22 million.

About Malaria

Malaria can affects both men and women and in all age groups, from babies to adults and are generally attacked the people living in the countryside and a lot of water puddles.

Malaria is a disease caused by a parasite called Plasmodium and is transmitted through the bite of an infected mosquito parasites. In the human body, the parasite Plasmodium will proliferate in the liver and then infect red blood cells. The disease is most common in tropical and subtropical areas where Plasmodium parasites can thrive as well as vector mosquito Anopheles. Area south of the Sahara in Africa and Papua New Guinea in Oceania are the places with the highest malaria incidence.

The shoot / incubation malaria can occur a few days to a few months later, then came the signs and symptoms complained of by the patient. Early symptoms experienced by patients of malaria are fever chills periodically and usually accompanied by severe headaches, body feels weak, nausea, vomiting and loss of appetite, yellowing of the eyes, dark tea-colored urine and pale from lack of blood. If it does not get adequate treatment, convulsions may occur and loss of consciousness.

However, the classic symptoms appear in a patient malaria is a sudden feeling of coldness followed by rigor and then fever and sweating emergence after 4 to 6 hours later, it takes place every two days. Among this period, the patient may feel healthy as before.

Malaria is classified into 4 types, namely, first, tertian malaria, caused by Plasmodium vivax malaria in which patients experience fever appears every third day and is the cause of approximately 43% of cases of malaria in humans. Second, quartana Malaria, caused by Plasmodium malariae, feel the fever of malaria patients every fourth day and cause approximately 7% of malaria in the world.

And third, malaria tropica, caused by Plasmodium falciparum malaria and is the most dangerous and often fatal. This type of malaria is the most serious, because it can cause serious complications such as cerebral malaria (cerebral malaria), severe anemia, shock, acute renal failure, bleeding, shortness of breath, etc.. Patients with this type of malaria fever accompanied by symptoms of irregular parts of the brain, coma and even entered a phase of sudden death. As well, four, pernicious malaria, caused by Plasmodium ovale. This type of malaria is rarely encountered, generally many in Africa and the Western Pacific.

Malaria illnes diagnosis is made by symptoms of fever and chills that occur periodically without any obvious cause. Alleged malaria stronger if within one year earlier, the patient had visited malaria endemic areas. To confirm the diagnosis of blood examination to find the cause parasites. May need to be done several times checking for levels of parasites in the blood varies from time to time.

Effective prevention of malaria is the first, to avoid mosquito bites by using mosquito nets, using insect repellent and wearing mosquito repellent ointment at bedtime, as well as pairs of wire netting on ventilation, animal pens away from home and less outside the house at night. Secondly, the spread-eating mosquito larvae density to suppress the spread larvae-eating fish, such as fish head tin, red tilapia, and tilapia gupi. Also coupled with efforts to clean up the environment through puddles hoarding, cleaning moss and mutual help clean up the neighborhood

The third form of prevention is the drug delivery, two days before leaving for malaria area, take medication doksisilin 1 x 1 capsule / day to 2 weeks after leaving the malaria endemic locations.

Treatment depends on the type of malaria parasites and parasite resistance to chloroquine. For an attack of acute falciparum malaria parasites resistant to chloroquine, quinine or kuinidin can be given intravenously. On the other rare malaria resistance to chloroquine, because it’s usually given chloroquine and primaquine.

Malaria drugs recently have been using new drugs such as Artemisinin-based Combination Therapy (ACT), upon the recommendation of the doctor and the right dose, ACT is expected to reduce the number of deaths from malaria. This is where the need for cooperation between the community, government and non-governmental organizations in particular at the community health service centers participated combating the spread of malaria.

Hopefully, with joint movements, RBM, Indonesia hopes malaria free in 20130 can be realized perfectly.

oleh : dr. H. Yahmin Setiawan, MARS (Director of RST Dompet Dhuafa) 

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April 16, 20135 years ago


Growth in the aged under five will determine the physical and mental development and success in the next age. Nutritionally balanced diet at this age is very important, not just for physical growth, but also the development of intelligence.

In terms of food, children this age are very active as a consumer. That is, they can pick and choose their own food want to eat. So, a lot of problems that arise, such as children reject foods that do not like and just want to eat her favorite foods.

Here are some diet and nutrition problems that often occur in the 3-5 year age range and how to work around this:

  1. Hated vegetable

Most children do not like vegetables. Most do not even like fruit. This can be detrimental to health, particularly vitamin deficiency can lead to as vitamin A, C and fiber. For it to be aligned to any vegetable dish and attractive variegated. For example, vegetables are made in vegetable omelet, vegetable fried rice, and others. Principles of balanced nutrition invite children to always liked vegetables.

  1. Choosing food

I just want to eat with a particular menu. Generally, picky eating habits do because it mimics the behavior of adults (parents) and their peers around. In addition, the children themselves are not willing to try new things, including food. This kind of diet is less varied, often not balanced nutritional content. Children should be introduced to a wide range of food from an early age and performed continuously.

  1. “Junk Food”

Characteristics junk food is fat and high carbohydrate, low or no fiber, contain artificial sweeteners and flavorings, flavor enhancer, and sometimes use food preservatives. To reduce the habit of eating snacks that are not nutritious, a need to understand and practice the principles of balanced nutrition.


Material A:

200 gr rice flour

10 grains of chicken egg yolk

100 ml of water

200 grams of minced fish meat

1 tsp salt

100 g carrots, finely grated

50 ounces grated cheese

Material B:

50 gr rice flour

200 ml milk

2 egg whites, beaten stiff

Oil for frying

How to Make:

  1. Make a dough: mix all ingredients A into a dough and set aside
  2. Make dough B: mix milk and rice flour, and fry over the fire, stirring until thickened, remove from heat
  3. Mix the dough A and B batter, mix well. Enter the egg whites that have been whipped stiff, mix well
  4. Heat oil, print the dough into small balls using 2 small spoons. Fried till golden brown. Remove and serve.

Referensi :

Kurniasih, Dedeh, dkk. Sehat dan Bugar Berkat Gizi Seimbang. Jakarta : Gramedia, 2010.

Tim Ahli Gizi. Hidup Sehat Gizi Seimbang dalam Siklus Kehidupan Manusia. Jakarta :   Primamedia Pustaka, 2006.

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